Vitamins are organic compounds that can’t be produced by the body. Rather, these compounds must be obtained through a healthy diet. In humans, vitamins serve several biochemical functions, including the regulation of cellular growth, hormone production, metabolism, and a cofactor in several internal reactions.
Minerals are naturally occurring chemical compounds that take on various properties, but the body only requires a select few to support biochemical functions. The major minerals in the body include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and magnesium. Other minor minerals, also known as trace minerals can usually be obtained from drinking water from the tap or eating certain vegetables, but in some cases, a nutritional deficiency can occur as a result of intake from specific sources of fluids or foods.